640 Douglas Street
Uxbridge, MA 01569
Entrance and Parking located in rear of building
Welcome to beautiful Uxbridge, MA!!!
This community was one place of the earliest beginnings of the American Industrial Revolution. Industrial growth was driven by location, abundant water power, and the Blackstone Canal. Innovators left their mark on America’s textile industry. It offers a glimpse of early America- Nipmuc lands, King Phillips War, colonial rule, the Great Awakening, Quakers, and the American Revolution. Uxbridge is the geographic center of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, the earliest industrialized region in the U.S. There are over 375 state or national historic sites here,[ citation needed] with an excellent variety of architectural styles. Military uniforms were manufactured here for over 100 years in several large mills. The first U.S. Air Force dress uniform, dubbed “Uxbridge Blue”, was made here (see Bernat Mill). In woman’s history it claims America’s first woman voter, Lydia Chapin Taft.
The town was named after the Earl of Uxbridge, in Uxbridge, England. The Taft family, of England, settled in Mendon (originally called “Mendham”), in 1680, in a section that later became Uxbridge. The Tafts were founders of the town of Uxbridge and Robert Taft, II was on the first Board of Selectmen (town council). The Tafts were said ‘locally’ to be relatives of the Earl of Uxbridge (though this is not referenced in the appendix of Alfonso Taft’s biography). Uxbridge, England, derived its name from a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon tribe known as the “Wuxen”, (Wuxen Bridge). Early settlers included the Aldriches, the Wheelocks, the Farnums, the Reeds, the Willards, the Caprons and the Thayers. The Taft and Aldrich families, began from local immigrant ancestors, and went on to become influential in their new nation. Seth Reed was instrumental in adding ” E Pluribus Unum“, from many, one, to all U.S. coins. President William Howard Taft‘s grandfather was an Uxbridge native.
This town played early roles in public education, human rights, women’s suffrage, and public health. In the 18th century, the town played early roles in public education as early as 1731, and, by establishing 13 district schools in 1797.    By the late 20th century, the New York Times recognized Uxbridge, for education reform  . Congregational and Quaker traditions emphasized human rights and abolition. Uxbridge was the home of six notable women including: 1) Lydia Chapin Taft, America’s first legal colonial woman voter, 2) Deborah Sampson, America’s first woman soldier, 3) Abby Kelley Foster, a 19th-century radical social reformer, 4) Alice Bridges, a 1936 Olympic medalist, 5) Jeannine Oppewall, a Hollywood film art Producer, and 6) Jacqueline Liebergott, the first female President of Emerson College in Boston. In 1922, two years after women’s suffrage was introduced, the Board of Selectmen defied the Massachusetts’s Secretary of State, by appointing the first women jurors in this state. In 1775, the town voted against smallpox vaccination. Footnotes of “unique” public health progress dotted the town’s later history. LDS apostle, Ezra Taft Benson grew up here, married, had a child, and ran a local hotel. Effingham Capron not only led the first power looms for woolens in his mills, but was a champion and leader of the local, state and national anti-slavery societies as well as a liberator on the underground railroad.